Energy Transfer’s planned Dakota Access pipeline will also transfer North Dakota crude to the Patoka tank farm. Construction is expected to begin in early 2016. The 177-mile Illinois portion of the 1,134-mile pipeline is expected to create approximately 2,000 construction jobs, at least half of which will go to local residents. Energy Transfer has agreed to employ 100 percent union contractors, including at least 50 percent from local union halls, including welders, mechanics, electricians, pipefitters and heavy equipment operators. Regional manufacturers of steel pipes, fittings, valves, pumps and control devices will also be in high demand.